The Bulgarian Wine Regions 


The vineyards in Bulgaria expand over approximately 97’000 Hectare area. The produced wine amounts 2 million hectoliter per year. The product split consists of about 63% red wines, 31% white wines and 6% dessert wines. Almost half of the production is for export. Among the most important export markets for Bulgarian wines are Russia, Poland, UK and Germany.

Bulgaria can be divided into five distinct Wine Regions.

Northern Region, (in Yellow on the map above)

The Northern Wine Region is located along the Danube River in the northern part of Bulgaria and spans south up to the Balkan Mountains. At this region are grown different red and white varieties. Typical regional red grape variety is Gamza. The Gamza Wine has a fresh and fruitful palate, with strong acid body and well embedded tannins.
Along with it, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot varieties are grown here as well. The most popular and spread white varieties of the region are the local Muscat Ottonel, as well as Chardonnay, Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc.

Eastern Region, (in Red on the map above)

The Eastern Region is located along the Black Sea Cost and the wine production here is strongly influenced by the Sea Climate. Due to the mild climate and relatively moderate temperatures in autumn, the grape attains high sugar content and out of it are produced high quality semidry white wines. The most famous local white varieties are Misket and Dimiat. Along with them are produced almost all renowned white wines among which Gewürztraminer, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling.

Southern Region (Thracian Valley), (in Green on the map above)

Southern Region is located in the central parts of southern Bulgaria. Representing approximately 35% of the vineyards it is one of the most important wine regions in the country, where a great deal of the produced quality wines comes from. The local red wines are mainly characterized by a high degree of tannin and alcohol content, and are particularly suitable for aging.
The climate here is of Mediterranean type and is particularly suitable for growing red varieties among which Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Red Misket and Pamid. The unique Bulgarian red variety Mavrud, stemming from the ancient Thracian times, grows in this region. The exclusive Mavrud red wines, produced here are highly renowned for their dense and intensive body, as well as for the strong bouquet of red forest fruits, herbs and exotic notes.

South Western Region, (in Violet on the map above)

This is the warmest and driest region of grape growing, situated around the Struma Valley, which is the main channel, introducing strong Mediterranean climate influence. Here are produced primarily red wines. The most famous local variety is the Melnik variety, known in different types, e.g. Broad Melnik Vine and Melnik 55. From this varieties are produced strong red wines with high alcohol and tannin content. Another local variety is Rubin, which was initially derived by crossing Nebiollo and Syrah. Furthermore here are produced also a small number of white wines from the local Rkatsiteli-grape, stemming originally from Georgia.

Sub Balkan Region (Central Region), (in White on the map above)

The Sub Balkan Region is located in the central parts of the country, along the south outlet of the Balkan mountain chain. This is a mountainous region and is suitable for growing of red grape varieties. Most spread local grape varieties are the Sungulare Misket and Rkatsiteli.
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